A.zo.mo.nas. N.L. neut. n.azotum, nitrogen; from French masc. n.azote, nitrogen; from Gr. pref.a-, not; from Gr. fem. n.zôê, life; from N.Gr. fem. n.azôê, not sustaining life; N.L. pref.azo-, pertaining to nitrogen; L. fem. n.monas, a unit, monad; N.L. fem. n.Azomonas, nitrogen monad
heterotypic synonym, validly published under the ICNP
The type species of this genus has alternatively been placed in the genus Azotobacter Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980).Publication:
Beijerinck MW. Über oligonitrophile Mikroben. Centralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II 1901; 7:561-582.
This taxon name is occasionally misprinted in some sources as: "Anomonas"; "Azonionas".
The BRCs most frequently used for deposits in this group are: ATCC: 2; DSM: 2; JCM: 1; NBRC: 1; NCIMB: 1; LMG: 1.
Pittman et al. (1991) suggested the abbreviation "AZMN" for this genus name but this does not appear to be of practical relevance any longer.Publication:
Pittman KF, Walczak CA, Lock CM. Codes and abbreviations for approved of effectively published names of genera of bacteria published from January 1980 to December 1990. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1991; 41:571-579.
A consideration of the phenotypic determinative characteristics of the genera Azomonas Winogradsky 1938 (Approved Lists 1980) and Azotobacter Beijerinck 1901 (Approved Lists 1980) supports the synonymy of these genera as indicated by the sequence data. An investigation of these two genera, with a wider selection of strains, including the type species of Azomonas (Azomonas agilis), and perhaps based on other genes, might support their synonymy. If they are established as a single genus, Azotobacter would take priority over Azomonas.Publication:
Young JM, Park DC. Probable synonymy of the nitrogen-fixing genus Azotobacter and the genus Pseudomonas. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2007; 57:2894-2901.
At the molecular level, the similarity of Azotobacter species housekeeping gene and 16S rRNA gene sequences with those of Pseudomonas, especially Pseudomonas aeruginosa (the type species of the genus), point to an intimate relationship between these taxa.Publication:
Beijerinck MW. Über oligonitrophile Mikroben. Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten und Hygiene. Abteilung II 1901; 7:561-582.
Number of child taxa with a validly published and correct name: 3 Number of child taxa with a validly published name, including synonyms: 3 Total number of child taxa: 3