Name:Achromobacterxylosoxidans (ex Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971) Yabuuchi and Yano 1981
Proposed as: sp. nov., nom. rev.
Etymology:N.L. neut. n.xylosum, xylose, wood sugar; from Gr. neut. n. [ξύλον]xylon, wood; N.L. v.oxido, to oxidize; from Gr. masc. adj. [ὀξύς]oxys, sour, acid; N.L. part. adj.xylosoxidans, oxidizing xylose
homotypic synonym, validly published under the ICNP
Yabuuchi et al. 1998
Yabuuchi E, Kawamura Y, Kosako Y, Ezaki T. Emendation of genus Achromobacter and Achromobacter xylosoxidans (Yabuuchi and Yano) and proposal of Achromobacter ruhlandii (Packer and Vishniac) comb. nov., Achromobacter piechaudii (Kiredjian et al.) comb. nov., and Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans (Ruger and Tan) comb. nov. Microbiol Immunol 1998; 42:429-438.
Anonymous. Validation list no. 67. Validation of publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSB. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1998; 48:1083-1084. Notes:
The results of phylogenetic analyses of 16S rRNA nucleotide sequences and a difference of more 10% in GC contents of DNA demonstrate that Achromobacter xylosoxidans (ex Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971) Yabuuchi and Yano 1981, the type species of the genus Achromobacter, and Alcaligenes faecalis Castellani and Chalmers 1919 (Approved Lists 1980), the type species of the genus Alcaligenes, belong to the 2 distinct genera Achromobacter Yabuuchi and Yano 1981 emend. Yabuuchi et al. 1998 and Alcaligenes Castellani and Chalmers 1919 (Approved Lists 1980), respectively. The species Achromobacter xylosoxidans (ex Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971) Yabuuchi and Yano 1981 encompasses two subspecies (see: below).
Nomenclatural type of the genus Achromobacter Yabuuchi and Yano 1981.Publication:
Yabuuchi E, Yano I. Achromobacter gen. nov. and Achromobacter xylosoxidans (ex Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971) nom. rev. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 1981; 31:477-478.
The spelling is xylosoxidans in the nomenclatural name Achromobacter xylosoxidans (ex Yabuuchi and Ohyama 1971) Yabuuchi and Yano 1981. However, the spelling is xylosoxydans in the nomenclatural name Alcaligenes denitrificans subsp. xylosoxydans (Yabuuchi and Yano 1981) Kersters and De Ley 1984. In Latin, "y" is a letter borrowed from the Greek in order to represent the Greek upsilon (υ). The root of the word is the Greek adjective οςυζ (Latin transliteration oxys) and the spelling xylosoxydans seems better than xylosoxidans.Publication:
Euzeby JP. List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature: a folder available on the Internet. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1997; 47:590-592.
Number of child taxa with a validly published and correct name: 0 Number of child taxa with a validly published name, including synonyms: 2 Total number of child taxa: 2