Etymology:Gr. masc. n.Prôteus, the ancient Greek sea-god noted for being able to change his form at will; Gr. masc. n.prôteus, intended to mean one who is able to be pleomorphic (nominative in apposition)
According to Ludwig et al. (2021), this "species is susceptible to being reclassified as Hafnia".Publication:
Ludwig W, Viver T, Westram R, Francisco Gago J, Bustos-Caparros E, Knittel K, Amann R, Rossello-Mora R. Release LTP_12_2020, featuring a new ARB alignment and improved 16S rRNA tree for prokaryotic type strains. Syst Appl Microbiol 2021; 44:126218.
Priest FG, Barker M. Gram-negative bacteria associated with brewery yeasts: reclassification of Obesumbacterium proteus biogroup 2 as Shimwellia pseudoproteus gen. nov., sp. nov., and transfer of Escherichia blattae to Shimwellia blattae comb. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2010; 60:828-833.
Holmes B, Farmer Iii JJ. International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Enterobacteriaceae. Minutes of the meetings, 7 August 2008, Istanbul, Turkey. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2009; 59:2643-2645.
The citation of authors for the name Obesumbacterium proteus is different from the one that appears on the Approved Lists 1980, which omit "Shimwell and Grimes 1936". Presumably this was an inadvertent omission.Publication:
Farmer Iii JJ. Other genera of the family Enterobacteriaceae. In: Krieg NR, Holt JG (eds), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 1, The Williams & Wilkins Co, Baltimore, 1984, p. 506-516.
There are two DNA-DNA hybridisation groups (HG) within Obesumbacterium proteus; these are separable by biochemical characters and DNA-DNA hybridisation. The type strain (ATCC 12841) falls in Group 1. In April 2010, Priest and Barker validly publish the name Shimwellia pseudoproteus for Obesumbacterium proteus HG2 strains.Publication:
Priest FG, Somerville HJ, Cole JA, Hough JS. The taxonomic position of Obesumbacterium proteus, a common brewery contaminant. J Gen Microbiol 1973; 75:295-307.