Nomenclatural type of the genus Thioalkalimicrobium corrig. Sorokin et al. 2001.Publication:
Sorokin DY, Lysenko AM, Mityushina LL, Tourova TP, Jones BE, Rainey FA, Robertson LA, Kuenen GJ. Thioalkalimicrobium aerophilum gen. nov., sp. nov. and Thioalkalimicrobium sibericum sp. nov., and Thioalkalivibrio versutus gen. nov., sp. nov., Thioalkalivibrio nitratis sp.nov., novel and Thioalkalivibrio denitrificancs sp. nov., novel obligately alkaliphilic and obligately chemolithoautotrophic sulfur-oxidizing bacteria from soda lakes. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2001; 51:565-580.
The original spelling, Thioalkalimicrobium aerophilum, was corrected to Thialkalimicrobium aerophilum by the List Editor of the IJSEM . However, during the meeting of the Judicial Commission held during the Xth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology , H.G. Trüper proposed that the recommendations governing the use of the connecting vowel should be overruled by the usage in chemistry and physics. Consequently, in combined names, which include terms used in chemistry or physics the connecting vowel shall not be dropped when the following component starts with a vowel and when this may cause ambiguity or uncertainty in meaning . The Judicial Commission unanimously agreed to this proposal  and the original spelling, Thioalkalimicrobium aerophilum, must be used.
The specific epithet aerophilum is a Neo Latin adjective not a Neo Latin noun as cited by Sorokin et al. 2001.Publication:
De Vos P, Trüper HG, Tindall BJ. Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Xth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 28, 29 and 31 July and 1 August 2002, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2005; 55:525-532.