The original spelling, Thioalkalivibrio nitratis, was corrected to Thialkalivibrio nitratis by the List Editor of the IJSEM . However, during the meeting of the Judicial Commission held during the Xth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology , H.G. Trüper proposed that the recommendations governing the use of the connecting vowel should be overruled by the usage in chemistry and physics. Consequently, in combined names, which include terms used in chemistry or physics the connecting vowel shall not be dropped when the following component starts with a vowel and when this may cause ambiguity or uncertainty in meaning . The Judicial Commission unanimously agreed to this proposal  and the original spelling, Thioalkalivibrio nitratis, must be used.Publication:
Anonymous. Notification list. Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 51, part 2 of the IJSEM. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2001; 51:795-796.
The specific epithet nitratis is a Neo Latin noun in the genitive case (nitras nitratis) not a Neo Latin adjective as cited in the paper by Sorokin et al. 2001.Publication:
De Vos P, Trüper HG, Tindall BJ. Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes Xth International (IUMS) Congress of Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology. Minutes of the meetings, 28, 29 and 31 July and 1 August 2002, Paris, France. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 2005; 55:525-532.