Name:Scotobacteria Gibbons and Murray 1978 (Approved Lists 1980)
Proposed as: class. nov.
Etymology:Gr. masc. n.skotos, darkness; Gr. neut. n.baktêria, staff, cane; N.L. neut. n. suff.-ia, ending to denote a class; N.L. neut. pl. n.Scotobacteria, bacteria that do not require light for metabolism
Gibbons NE, Murray RGE. Proposals Concerning the Higher Taxa of Bacteria. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 1978; 28:1-6.
Skerman VBD, McGowan V, Sneath PHA. Approved lists of bacterial names. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1980; 30:225-420.
validly published under the ICNP, illegitimate name
No type order designated.Publication:
Parker CT, Tindall BJ, Garrity GM. International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.
Tindall (2014): "No identifiable type, not currently used as a class name; as applied by Gibbons and Murray (1978) the name encompasses those Gram-negative (i.e. Gram-stain-negative) prokaryotes that are not capable of growing by oxygenic or anoxygenic photosynthesis.".Publication:
Tindall BJ. Names at the rank of class, subclass and order, their typification and current status: Supplementary information to Opinion 79. Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2014; 64:3599-3602.
According to Rules 15, 22 and 27(3), the class Scotobacteria is illegitimate because it was proposed without the designation of a nomenclatural type.Publication:
Euzeby JP, Tindall BJ. Nomenclatural type of orders: corrections necessary according to Rules 15 and 21a of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), and designation of appropriate nomenclatural types of classes and subclasses. Request for an opinion. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2001; 51:725-727.
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