Ther.mo.a.nae.ro.bi.um. Gr. masc. adj.thermos, hot; Gr. pref.an-, not; Gr. masc. n.aêr (gen. aeros), air; Gr. masc. n.bios, life; N.L. neut. n.Thermoanaerobium, organism which grows in the absence of air at elevated temperatures
heterotypic synonym, validly published under the ICNP
Boone et al. (2001) assigned this genus to the family "Thermoanaerobacteriaceae".Publication:
Garrity GM, Holt JG. The Road Map to the Manual. In: Boone DR, Castenholz RW, Garrity GM (eds), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 1 (The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria), Springer-Verlag, New York, 2001, p. 119-166.
For the type species of this genus another name is in use, which is affiliated with the genus Thermoanaerobacter Wiegel and Ljungdahl 1982.Publication:
Lee YE, Jain MK, Lee C, Lowe SE, Zeikus JG. Taxonomic distinction of saccharolytic thermophilic anaerobes: description of Thermoanaerobacterium xylanolyticum gen. nov., sp. nov., and Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum gen. nov., sp. nov.; reclassification of Thermoanaerobium brockii, Clostridium thermosulfurogenes, and Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum E100-69 as Thermoanaerobacter brockii comb. nov., Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes comb. nov., and Thermoanaerobacter thermohydrosulfuricus comb. nov., respectively; and transfer of Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum 39E to Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 1993; 43:41-51.
This taxon name is occasionally misprinted in some sources as: "Themzoanaerobium"; "Thennoanaerobium"; "Tlhermoanaerobiurm"; "Tnermoanaerobium"; "Yhermoanaerobium".
Thermoanaerobium is the correct name if this genus is regarded as a separate genus (i.e., if its nomenclatural type is not assigned to another genus whose name is validly published, legitimate and not rejected and has priority).
The BRCs most frequently used for deposits in this group are: ATCC: 3; DSM: 2.
Pittman et al. (1991) suggested the abbreviation "TMAN" for this genus name but this does not appear to be of practical relevance any longer.Publication:
Pittman KF, Walczak CA, Lock CM. Codes and abbreviations for approved of effectively published names of genera of bacteria published from January 1980 to December 1990. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1991; 41:571-579.
Number of child taxa with a validly published and correct name: 0 Number of child taxa with a validly published name, including synonyms: 2 Total number of child taxa: 3
Wiegel J. Family I. Thermoanaerobacteraceae fam. nov. In: De Vos P, Garrity GM, Jones D, Krieg NR, Ludwig W, Rainey FA, K.-H. S, Whitman WB (eds), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd edn, vol. 3 (The Firmicutes), Springer, New York, 2009, p. 1225.
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