Ther.mo.a.nae.ro.bi.um. Gr. masc. adj.thermos, hot; Gr. pref.an-, not; Gr. masc. n.aêr (gen. aeros), air; Gr. masc. n.bios, life; N.L. neut. n.Thermoanaerobium, organism which grows in the absence of air at elevated temperatures
heterotypic synonym, validly published under the ICNP
Boone et al. (2001) assigned this genus to the family "Thermoanaerobacteriaceae".Publication:
Garrity GM, Holt JG. The Road Map to the Manual. In: Boone DR, Castenholz RW, Garrity GM (eds), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, second edition, vol. 1 (The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria), Springer-Verlag, New York, 2001, p. 119-166.
For the type species of this genus another name is in use, which is affiliated with the genus Thermoanaerobacter Wiegel and Ljungdahl 1982.Publication:
Lee YE, Jain MK, Lee C, Lowe SE, Zeikus JG. Taxonomic distinction of saccharolytic thermophilic anaerobes: description of Thermoanaerobacterium xylanolyticum gen. nov., sp. nov., and Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum gen. nov., sp. nov.; reclassification of Thermoanaerobium brockii, Clostridium thermosulfurogenes, and Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum E100-69 as Thermoanaerobacter brockii comb. nov., Thermoanaerobacterium thermosulfurigenes comb. nov., and Thermoanaerobacter thermohydrosulfuricus comb. nov., respectively; and transfer of Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum 39E to Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 1993; 43:41-51.
Thermoanaerobium is the correct name if this genus is regarded as a separate genus (i.e., if its nomenclatural type is not assigned to another genus whose name is validly published, legitimate and not rejected and has priority).
Number of child taxa with a validly published and correct name: 0 Number of child taxa with a validly published name, including synonyms: 2 Total number of child taxa: 2
Wiegel J. Family I. Thermoanaerobacteraceae fam. nov. In: De Vos P, Garrity GM, Jones D, Krieg NR, Ludwig W, Rainey FA, K.-H. S, Whitman WB (eds), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd edn, vol. 3 (The Firmicutes), Springer, New York, 2009, p. 1225.
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