Cyanobacteria

General remarks

Validly published names of Cyanobacteria are mostly validly published under International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). But because Cyanobacteria are prokaryotes, some of their names were validly published under the ICNP. These names are listed here, together with names validly published under the ICN that are synonyms of names validly published under the ICNP. Names that were inadvertently included in a Notification List or Validation List even though they do not qualify for being validly published under the ICNP are also listed. These names may well qualify for being validly published under the ICN but this may imply a distinct date of valid publication and a distinct interpretation of the nomenclatural type. Note that some of the names shown here may be illegitimate or rejected or even disputed as being validly published. See also the page on nomenclature.
One could argue that Cyanobacteria are prokaryotes and, consequently, it is an anomaly to treat them under the ICN. However, there are a variety of obstacles that would need to be overcome before the nomenclature of Cyanobacteria could be integrated in the ICNP. First, the vast majority of the thousands of validly published names of Cyanobacteria were validly published under the ICN. Second, the ICNP requests axenic cultures deposited in two distinct culture collections as nomenclatural types of species and subspecies names; nomenclatural types of validly published names of species or subspecies of Cyanobacteria are usually descriptions, herbarium specimens or non-axenic cultures. Third, the valid publication of new names or new combinations under the ICNP would hardly work because most Cyanobacteria are still not available as axenic cultures; alternatively, a modification of the ICNP would be required to permit non-axenic cultures to serve as nomenclatural types under certain circumstances. Fourth, given the huge number of already validly published names, moving these names from the ICN to the ICNP would require of a new set of Approved Lists. Fifth, the conservation of names of Cyanobacteria that made it into such lists, did not have priority but were associated with taxa that can be better characterized using modern methods would be advisable in many situations; but conservation of names is more usual under the ICN than under the ICNP.
A selection of publications on nomenclature of Cyanobacteria (cited in chronological order):
1971-1980
1991-2000
2001-2010
2011-2020

Class

Chroobacteria (validly published, rejected name)

Gloeobacteria (validly published, rejected name)

Hormogoneae (validly published, rejected name)

Family

Prochloraceae (validly published)

Prochlorotrichaceae (validly published)

Genus

Foliisarcina (validly published under the ICN)

Halospirulina (validly published)

Phyllonema (validly published under the ICN)

Prochlorococcus (validly published under the ICN)

Prochloron (validly published)

Prochlorothrix (validly published)

Rubidibacter (validly published)

Order

Chroococcales (validly published, rejected name)

Gloeobacterales (validly published, rejected name)

Nostocales (validly published, rejected name)

Oscillatoriales (validly published, rejected name)

Pleurocapsales (validly published, rejected name)

Prochlorales (validly published)

Stigonematales (validly published, rejected name)

Species

Crinalium epipsammum (validly published under the ICN)

Foliisarcina bertiogensis (validly published under the ICN)

Halospirulina tapeticola (validly published)

Leptolyngbya geysericola (validly published under the ICN)

Microcystis aeruginosa (validly published under the ICN, illegitimate name, later homonym)

Phormidium geysericola (validly published under the ICN)

Phyllonema aviceniicola (validly published under the ICN)

Prochlorococcus marinus (validly published under the ICN)

Prochloron didemni (validly published)

Prochlorothrix hollandica (validly published)

Rubidibacter lacunae (validly published)

Subspecies

Prochlorococcus marinus subsp. marinus (validly published under the ICN)

Prochlorococcus marinus subsp. pastoris (validly published under the ICN)