rec.ta’le. L. neut. perf. part.rectum, the straight bowel; from L. neut. perf. part.rectum, that which is right; L. neut. adj. suff.-ale, suffix denoting pertaining to; N.L. neut. adj.rectale, pertaining to rectum, rectal
homotypic synonym, not validly published, basonym of name in Approved Lists
Eubacteriumrectale is the correct name if this species is regarded as a separate species (i.e., if its nomenclatural type is not assigned to another species whose name is validly published, legitimate and not rejected and has priority) within a separate genus Eubacterium.
According to Bartlett et al. (2022), this species is an established human pathogen.Publication:
Bartlett A, Padfield D, Lear L, Bendall R, Vos M. A comprehensive list of bacterial pathogens infecting humans. Microbiology 2022; 168:0.
According to Rule 18c, the proposal of a neotype strain does not require a Request for an Opinion.Publication:
Duncan SH, Flint HJ. Proposal of a neotype strain (A1-86) for Eubacterium rectale. Request for an opinion. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2008; 58:1735-1736.
VPI 0989, the type strain in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names was deposited in ATCC (ATCC 25578) but was lost in both collections. A different isolate, VPI 0990 = ATCC 33656= CIP 105953, from the same fecal sample has been deposited to represent the type strain. Because these isolates came from the same sample, Moore and Holdeman Moore believe that they are the same strain. According to Rule 18c, a neotype strain must be proposed in the IJSB (now IJSEM) and the proposal by Moore and Holdeman Moore is not in accordance with the rules of the ICNP. The neotype strain VPI 0990 = ATCC 33656= CIP 105953 is not an established neotype (see Rule 18c).Publication:
Moore WEC, Holdeman Moore LV. Genus Eubacterium Prévot 1938, 294AL. In: Sneath PHA, Mair NS, Sharpe ME, Holt JG (eds), Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, first edition, vol. 2, The Williams & Wilkins Co., Baltimore, 1986, p. 1353-1373.