spi.ri.ti.vo.rum. L. masc. n.spiritus, spirit; N.L. masc. adj. suff.-vorus, devouring, eating; N.L. neut. adj.spiritivorum, spirit-devouring, intended to refer to the ability of the organism to attack spirits, i.e., alcohol, producing acid in the process
homotypic synonym, validly published under the ICNP
Lai et al. 2016
Lai WA, Hameed A, Liu YC, Hsu YH, Lin SY, Young CC. Sphingobacterium cibi sp. nov., isolated from the food-waste compost and emended descriptions of Sphingobacterium spiritivorum (Holmes et al. 1982) Yabuuchi et al. 1983 and Sphingobacteriumthermophilum Yabe et al. 2013. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2016; 66:5336-5344.
Oren A, Garrity GM. Notification list. Notification that new names and new combinations have appeared in volume 66, part 12 of the IJSEM. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2017; 67:525-528. Notes:
The terminology used by the authors is in line with many other taxonomic studies and does not negatively affect their main results; some improvements may nevertheless be possible. Contrasting the term "chemotaxonomic" with "phenotypic" is not recommended. Whether taxa can have "members" is debatable. See the LPSN phylogeny page for details.
Nomenclatural type of the genus Sphingobacterium Yabuuchi et al. 1983.Publication:
Yabuuchi E, Kaneko T, Yano I, Moss CW, Miyoshi N. Sphingobacterium gen. nov., Sphingobacterium spiritivorum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium multivorum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium mizutae sp. nov., and Flavobacterium indologenes sp. nov.: glucose-nonfermenting gram-negative rods in CDC groups IIK-2 and IIb. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 1983; 33:580-598.
According to Takeuchi and Yokota (1992), this species is an earlier heterotypic synonym of Flavobacteriumyabuuchiae Holmes et al. 1988.Publication:
Takeuchi M, Yokota A. Proposals of Sphingobacterium faecium sp. nov., Sphingobacterium piscium sp. nov., Sphingobacterium heparinum comb. nov., Sphingobacterium thalpophilum comb. nov., and two genospecies of the genus Sphingobacterium and synonymy of Flavobacterium yabuuchiae and Sphingobacterium spiritivorum. J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 1992; 38:465-482.
According to Bartlett et al. (2022), this species is an established human pathogen.Publication:
Bartlett A, Padfield D, Lear L, Bendall R, Vos M. A comprehensive list of bacterial pathogens infecting humans. Microbiology 2022; 168:0.
The phylogenetic position of this species was determined in a genome-scale analysis by García-López et al. (2019).Publication:
Garcia-Lopez M, Meier-Kolthoff JP, Tindall BJ, Gronow S, Woyke T, Kyrpides NC, Hahnke RL, Goker M. Analysis of 1,000 Type-Strain Genomes Improves Taxonomic Classification of Bacteroidetes. Front Microbiol 2019; 10:2083.
The phylogenetic position of this species was determined in a genome-scale analysis by Hahnke et al. (2016).Publication:
Hahnke RL, Meier-Kolthoff JP, Garcia-Lopez M, Mukherjee S, Huntemann M, Ivanova NN, Woyke T, Kyrpides NC, Klenk HP, Goker M. Genome-Based Taxonomic Classification of Bacteroidetes. Front Microbiol 2016; 7:2003.