homotypic synonym, validly published under the ICNP
Mycoplasmaalligatoris is the correct name if this species is regarded as a separate species (i.e., if its nomenclatural type is not assigned to another species whose name is validly published, legitimate and not rejected and has priority) within a separate genus Mycoplasma.
According to Rules 27(3) and 30, this name is not validly published, because the original publication makes reference to the deposit of the type strain in a single recognized culture collection. However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Mycoplasma alligatoris Brown et al. 2001 is considered to be validly published, since deposit in a second culture collection in a different country has been documented.Publication:
Euzeby JP, Tindall BJ. Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an opinion. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2004; 54:293-301.
However, according to the Judicial Opinion 81, Mycoplasma alligatoris Brown et al. 2001 is considered to be validly published, since deposit in a second culture collection in a different country has been documented.Publication:
Anonymous. Judicial Opinion No. 81. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2008; 58:1755-1763.
Mycoplasma alligatoris Brown et al. 2001 was previously known as "Mycoplasma lacerti" (the 16S rRNA gene nucleotide sequence of the type strain was released to GenBank under the provisional name "Mycoplasma lacerti").Publication:
Nowak J. Morphologie, nature et cycle évolutif du microbe de la péripneumonie des bovidés. Annales de l'Institut Pasteur (Paris) 1929; 43:1330-1352.
The specific epithet is a Neo Latin noun in the genitive case (alligator -oris) not a Latin noun in the genitive case as cited in the paper by Brown et al. 2001.Publication:
Euzeby JP. List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature: a folder available on the Internet. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1997; 47:590-592.
The full TRBA 466 classification is: risk group = 2, note = "t".