Judicial Opinions

Introduction

See the glossary entriy on Judicial Opinions for background information. An overview on nomenclature is given on a separate page. The following list of Judicial Opinions issued by the Judicial Commission is sorted in order of appearance, decreasingly. For pending, withdrawn and superseded Requests for an Opinion as well as for comments on Requests for an Opinion see elsewhere.

Opinion No. 102

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2020; 70:5177-5181. "Opinion 102 concludes that strain Cc m8 (=DSM 14697=CIP 109128=JCM 12621) is an established neotype strain for the species Myxococcus macrosporus, replacing the designated type strain Windsor M271, and that strain Mx s8 (=DSM 14675=JCM 12634) is an established neotype strain for the species Myxococcus stipitatus, replacing the designated type strain Windsor M78" (cited from the abstract). Affected taxon names: Myxococcus macrosporus, Myxococcus stipitatus. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2009; 59:2122-2128. "Emended descriptions of the genera Myxococcus and Corallococcus, typification of the species Myxococcus stipitatus and Myxococcus macrosporus and a proposal that they be represented by neotype strains. Request for an Opinion."

Opinion No. 101

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2020; 70:5177-5181. "Opinion 101 approves the request that strain ATCC 25946 (=DSM 14877) serves as the type strain of Melittangium lichenicola instead of strain ATCC 25944, formally correcting the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names" (cited from the abstract). Affected taxon names: Melittangium lichenicola. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2008; 58:2991-2992. "Replacement of ATCC 25944T, the current type strain of Melittangium lichenicola, with ATCC 25946. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 100

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2020; 70:5177-5181. "According to Opinion 100, the request for the recognition of strain A1-86 (=DSM 17629=NCIMB 14373) as the neotype strain of Eubacterium rectale (Hauduroy et al. 1937) Prévot 1938 (Approved Lists 1980) is denied, ruling that a neotype does not need to be designated for E. rectale because strain VPI 0990 (=ATCC 33656=CIP 105953) is considered to be a duplicate isolate of the same strain as VPI 0989 (=ATCC 25578) and may serve as its nomenclatural type" (cited from the abstract). Affected taxon names: Eubacterium rectale. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2008; 58:1735-1736. "Proposal of a neotype strain (A1-86) for Eubacterium rectale. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 99

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2020; 70:1439-1440. "[Opinion] 99 conclude[s] that in the absence of associated authentic type material, the [name] Pectinatus portalensis [is] not validly published" (cited from the abstract). Affected taxon names: "Pectinatus portalensis". Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2008; 58:1507. "The status of the species Pectinatus portalensis Gonzalez et al. 2005. Request for an Opinion."

Opinion No. 98

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2020; 70:1439-1440. "[Opinion] 98 conclude[s] that in the absence of associated authentic type material, the [name] Bacillus aeolius [is] not validly published" (cited from the abstract). Affected taxon names: "Bacillus aeolius". Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2008; 58:1268-1270. "Bacillus aeolius DSM 15084T (=CIP 107628T) is a strain of Bacillus licheniformis."

Opinion No. 97

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2020; 70:1439-1440. "According to Opinion 97, the request for the conservation of the name Streptomyces scabies is denied, allowing the continued use of the correction Streptomyces scabiei" (cited from the abstract). Affected taxon names: Streptomyces scabies. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2007; 57:2447-2448. "Recommendation for the conservation of the name Streptomyces scabies. Request for an Opinion."

Opinion No. 96

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2014; 64:3593-3594. "The species Leifsonia rubra Reddy et al. 2003 was not represented by an authentic deposit of a type strain at the time of effective publication" (cited from the abstract). Affected taxon names: Leifsonia rubra. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2007; 57:1163. "The status of the species Leifsonia rubra Reddy et al. 2003. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 95

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2014; 64:3920-3921. "The Judicial Commission affirms that […] the combination Lysobacter enzymogenes subsp. enzymogenes Christensen and Cook 1978, the combination Lysobacter enzymogenes subsp. cookii Christensen 1978 and the combination Streptococcus casseliflavus (Mundt and Graham 1968) Vaughan et al. 1979 [...] are not to be considered to be included on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names" (cited from the abstract). Affected taxon names: Enterococcus casseliflavus, Lysobacter enzymogenes. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2006; 56:2707-2709. "Lysobacter enzymogenes subsp. enzymogenes Christensen and Cook 1978, L. enzymogenes subsp. cookii Christensen 1978 and Streptococcus casseliflavus (Mundt and Graham 1968) Vaughan et al. 1978 should have been cited in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 94

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2014; 64:3590-3592. "The Judicial Commission affirms that [...] the combination Agrobacterium radiobacter (Beijerinck and van Delden 1902) Conn 1942 has priority over the combination Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Smith and Townsend 1907) Conn 1942 when the two are treated as members of the same species [...]. The type species of the genus is Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Smith and Townsend 1907) Conn 1942" (cited from the abstract). Affected taxon names: Agrobacterium radiobacter, Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2006; 56:491-493. "Proposal that Agrobacterium radiobacter has priority over Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 93

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2014; 64:3588-3589. "The Judicial Commission affirms that [...] the designated type strain of Pseudomonas halophila Fendrich 1989 is DSM 3051 [...] and the designated type strain of Halovibrio variabilis Fendrich 1989 is DSM 3050 [...]" (cited from the abstract). Affected taxon names: Halomonas utahensis, Halomonas variabilis, Halovibrio denitrificans, Halovibrio variabilis, Pseudomonas halophila. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2006; 56:487-489. "The status of the genus name Halovibrio Fendrich 1989 and the identity of the strains Pseudomonas halophila DSM 3050 and Halomonas variabilis DSM 3051. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 92

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2014; 64:3586-3587. "The Judicial Commission affirms that the request that the current use of the genus name Mycoplasma be maintained and Mycoplasma coccoides be considered a legitimate name is denied" (cited from the abstract). Affected taxon names: Eperythrozoon coccoides, "Mycoplasma coccoides". Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2005; 55:1385-1391. "Phylogenetic analysis and description of Eperythrozoon coccoides, proposal to transfer to the genus Mycoplasma as Mycoplasma coccoides comb. nov. and Request for an Opinion."

Opinion No. 91

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2014; 64:3584-3585. "ATCC 43642 [...] is designated the type strain of Leptospira interrogans (Stimson 1907) Wenyon 1926" (cited from the abstract). Affected taxon names: Leptospira interrogans. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2004; 54:2439. "Proposal to list ATCC 43642 as the type strain of Leptospira interrogans in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 90

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2014; 64:3582-3583. "The Judicial Commission affirms that [...] the combination Enterobacter agglomerans is to be cited as Enterobacter agglomerans (Beijerinck 1888) Ewing and Fife 1972 and the combination Pantoea agglomerans is to be cited as Pantoea agglomerans (Beijerinck 1888) Gavini et al. 1989" (cited from the abstract). Affected taxon names: Enterobacter agglomerans, Pantoea agglomerans. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2004; 54:2437. "Proposal to acknowledge Beijerinck as the original author of the species Pantoea agglomerans. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 89

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2014; 64:3580-3581. "The Judicial Commission affirms that the combination Micromonospora aurantiaca Sveshnikova et al. 1969 (Approved Lists 1980) may not serve as the correct name of the taxon" (cited from the abstract). Affected taxon names: Micromonospora aurantiaca. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2004; 54:1905-1906. "A replacement name of the specific epithet aurantiaca in Micromonospora aurantiaca Sveshnikova et al. 1969 (Approved Lists 1980) and a proposal to treat the combination Micromonospora aurantiaca Sveshnikova et al. 1969 as a rejected name. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 88

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2014; 64:3578-3579. "The Judicial Commission affirms that the combination Lactobacillus rogosae Holdeman and Moore 1974 represented by the type strain ATCC 27753 listed on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names does not appear to be currently represented by an extant type strain" (cited from the abstract). Affected taxon names: Lactobacillus rogosae. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2004; 54:1903-1904. "The status of the species Lactobacillus rogosae Holdeman and Moore 1974. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 87

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2008; 58:1976-1978. The Judicial Commission rules that the name Corynebacterium ilicis Mandel et al. 1961 is represented by the type strain ICMP 2608 = ICPB CI144 and is reported to be a plantpathogenic species. Arthrobacter ilicis is represented by the type strain DSM 20138 = ATCC 14264 = NCPPB 1228 and is not a homotypic synonym of Corynebacterium ilicis Mandel et al. 1961, and is reported not to be a plant pathogen. The authorship is to be cited as Arthrobacter ilicis Collins et al. 1982 and typification and the description of this species are to be found in Collins et al. 1981 [COLLINS (M.D.), JONES (D.) and KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.): Zentralbl Bakteriol Parasitenkd Infektionskr Hyg, 1981, Abt I Orig C2 , 318–323]. Affected taxon names: Arthrobacter ilicis, Corynebacterium ilicis. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2004; 54:303-305. "Reconsideration of Arthrobacter ilicis (Mandel et al. 1961) Collins et al. 1982 as a plant-pathogenic species. Proposal to emend the authority and description of the species. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 86

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2008; 58:1975. The Judicial Commission affirms that, according to Rule 40d, formerly Rule 46, of the Bacteriological Code, the authorship of a number of subspecies names included on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names must be corrected. These names are Acetobacter aceti subsp. aceti, Acetobacter pasteurianus subsp. pasteurianus, Bacteroides melaninogenicus subsp. melaninogenicus, Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus, Mycobacterium chelonae subsp. chelonae, Propionibacterium freudenreichii subsp. freudenreichii, Selenomonas ruminantium subsp. ruminantium, Streptoverticillium fervens subsp. fervens, Veillonella parvula subsp. parvula and Zymomonas mobilis subsp. mobilis. Affected taxon names: Mycobacterium chelonei. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2002; 52:2321-2322. "Necessary corrections to the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names according to Rule 40d (formerly Rule 46). Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 85

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2008; 58:1974. The Judicial Commission rules that the adjectival form is to be conserved in the specific epithet forsythia in Tannerella forsythia. Affected taxon names: Tannerella forsythensis, Tannerella forsythia corrig.. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2003; 53:2111-2112. "Proposal to conserve the adjectival form of the specific epithet in the reclassification of Bacteroides forsythus Tanner et al. 1986 to the genus Tannerella Sakamoto et al. 2002 as Tannerella forsythia corrig., gen. nov., comb. nov. Request for an Opinion."

Opinion No. 84

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2008; 58:1973. The Judicial Commission affirms that the genus name Sinorhizobium Chen et al. 1988 is a later synonym of Ensifer Casida 1982, and that the former genus name is not conserved over the latter genus name. The species name "Sinorhizobium adhaerens" is not validly published. Affected taxon names: Ensifer, Sinorhizobium. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2003; 53:2107-2110. "The genus name Ensifer Casida 1982 takes priority over Sinorhizobium Chen et al. 1988, and Sinorhizobium morelense Wang et al. 2002 is a later synonym of Ensifer adhaerens Casida 1982. Is the combination "Sinorhizobium adhaerens" (Casida 1982) Willems et al. 2003 legitimate? Request for an Opinion."

Opinion No. 83, Supplementary Information

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2014; 64:3595-3596. "The subgenus names Moraxella and Branhamella (in the genus Moraxella) are not to be considered to be included on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, nor are they to be considered to be validly published by inclusion on Validation List 15" (citred from the abstract). Affected taxon names: Moraxella. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2008; 58:1772-1774. "Challenging Opinion 83"

Opinion No. 83

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2008; 58:1766-1767. The Judicial Commission of the International Committee for Systematics of Prokaryotes rules that the following names should have been included on the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names, Moraxella (subgen. Branhamella Bøvre 1979), Moraxella (subgen. Moraxella Lwoff 1939), Moraxella (subgen. Branhamella Bøvre 1979) catarrhalis, Moraxella (subgen. Branhamella Bøvre 1979) caviae, Moraxella (subgen. Branhamella Bøvre 1979) ovis, Moraxella (subgen. Moraxella Lwoff 1939) atlantae, Moraxella (subgen. Moraxella Lwoff 1939) bovis, Moraxella (subgen. Moraxella Lwoff 1939) lacunata, Moraxella (subgen. Moraxella Lwoff 1939) nonliquefaciens, Moraxella (subgen. Moraxella Lwoff 1939) osloensis, Moraxella (subgen. Moraxella Lwoff 1939) phenylpyruvica. Proposals to alter Rule 34a were rejected. Affected taxon names: Acetobacter aceti, Acetobacter liquefaciens, Acetobacter liquefaciens. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2001; 51:1939-1941. "Nomenclature of the subgenera Moraxella and Branhamella and of the nine species included in these subgenera and proposal to modify rule 34a of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision). Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 82

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2008; 58:1764-1765. At the meeting of the Judicial Commission in 2005 at the IUMS Bacteriology and Applied Microbiology Congress in San Francisco, the Judicial Commission of the International Committee for Systematics of Prokaryotes ruled that typification of Lactobacillus casei (Orla-Jensen 1916) Hansen and Lessel 1971 is based on ATCC 393, that ATCC 334 is a member of the taxon Lactobacillus paracasei Collins et al. 1989, that the proposal to revive the name Lactobacillus zeae contravenes Rules 51b (1) and (2) of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (the Code) and that the rejection of the name Lactobacillus paracasei together with the proposal of a neotype for Lactobacillus casei are not in accordance with the Rules of the Code. Affected taxon names: Lactobacillus yonginensis, Lactobacillus zeae. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2002; 52:285-287. "The status of the species Lactobacillus casei (Orla-Jensen 1916) Hansen and Lessel 1971 and Lactobacillus paracasei Collins et al. 1989. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 81

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2008; 58:1755-1763. Based on a list of 205 names proposed in original articles in the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology or cited in Validation Lists from January 2001 that are not in accordance with Rules 27(3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes, the Judicial Commission rules that names contained in lists 2–4 are to be considered to be validly published and that deposit in more than one collection in different countries is documented. Names included in list 1 are only to be considered validly published if evidence is presented that the strains have been deposited in additional collections, as laid down by Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the Code. Affected taxon names: Acetobacter cibinongensis, Acetobacterium tundrae, Acetobacter orientalis, Acetobacter syzygii, Achromobacter denitrificans, Actinocorallia aurantiaca, Actinocorallia glomerata, Actinocorallia libanotica, Actinocorallia longicatena, Actinomadura viridilutea, Actinoplanes capillaceus, Actinoplanes friuliensis, Aeromonas culicicola, "Alkalispirillum mobile", Anaerobranca gottschalkii, Anaerococcus octavius, Anaerococcus prevotii, Anaeromyxobacter dehalogenans, Arcanobacterium pluranimalium, Asaia siamensis, Azoarcus buckelii, Azospirillum doebereinerae, Bacillus selenitireducens, Bacillus thermantarcticus corrig., Borrelia sinica, Bradyrhizobium yuanmingense, Carboxydibrachium pacificum corrig., Cellulosimicrobium cellulans, "Chlorobaculum limnaeum", "Chlorobaculum parvum", "Chlorobaculum thiosulfatiphilum", "Chlorobium clathratiforme", Chlorobium luteolum, Clostridium hungatei, Clostridium phytofermentans, Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum, Comamonas denitrificans, Comamonas koreensis, Corynebacterium aurimucosum, Corynebacterium casei, Corynebacterium mooreparkense, Cryptosporangium aurantiacum, Dehalospirillum multivorans, Desulfitobacterium chlororespirans, Desulfitobacterium metallireducens, Desulfobacula phenolica, Desulfobulbus mediterraneus, Desulfomicrobium orale, "Desulfomonile limimaris", Desulfotignum balticum, "Desulfovibrio dechloracetivorans", Desulfovibrio mexicanus, Desulfovibrio vietnamensis, Dethiosulfovibrio acidaminovorans, Dethiosulfovibrio marinus, Dethiosulfovibrio russensis, Dorea formicigenerans, Ensifer kummerowiae, Enterobacter cowanii, Enterococcus villorum, Gallicola barnesae, Geobacillus kaustophilus, Geobacillus stearothermophilus, Geobacillus thermodenitrificans, Geobacillus thermoglucosidasius, Geobacillus thermoleovorans, Geoglobus ahangari, Grimontia hollisae, Hahella chejuensis, Haloferax alexandrinus, Halorhodospira neutriphila, Helicobacter aurati, Helicobacter canadensis, Helicobacter typhlonius, "Heliobacterium sulfidophilum", Heliobacterium undosum, "Heliorestis baculata", Herbaspirillum frisingense, "Hydrogenobacter subterraneus", Hydrogenophaga intermedia, "Ketogulonicigenium vulgare" corrig., Kordia algicida, Lactobacillus ferintoshensis, Lamprocystis purpurea, Legionella drozanskii, Legionella fallonii, Legionella rowbothamii, Lentzea violacea, Leptotrichia trevisanii, Leuconostoc gasicomitatum, Marinibacillus marinus, Marinobacterium jannaschii, Marinobacterium stanieri, Marinospirillum alkaliphilum, Methanocaldococcus fervens, Methanocaldococcus infernus, Methanocaldococcus jannaschii, Methanocaldococcus vulcanius, Methanothermococcus thermolithotrophicus, Methanotorris igneus, "Methylomicrobium buryatense", Methylophilus leisingeri corrig., Methylovorus mays, Microcystis aeruginosa, Mycobacterium heckeshornense, Mycoplasma agassizii, Mycoplasma alligatoris, Mycoplasma microti, Nautilia lithotrophica, "Neochlamydia hartmannellae", "Neorickettsia risticii", "Neorickettsia sennetsu", Nitrobacter hamburgensis, Nitrobacter vulgaris, "Nitrosomonas aestuarii", "Nitrosomonas communis", "Nitrosomonas eutropha", "Nitrosomonas halophila", "Nitrosomonas marina", "Nitrosomonas nitrosa", "Nitrosomonas oligotropha", "Nitrosomonas ureae", "Nitrospira moscoviensis", Nocardia cyriacigeorgica corrig., Nocardia vinacea, Novosphingobium arabidopsis, Novosphingobium aromaticivorans corrig., Novosphingobium capsulatum, Novosphingobium rosa corrig., Novosphingobium stygium corrig., Novosphingobium subarcticum, Novosphingobium subterraneum corrig., Oceanobacter kriegii, Olsenella profusa, Olsenella uli, Opitutus terrae, "Paenibacillus granivorans", Paracoccus kondratievae, Peptoniphilus asaccharolyticus, Peptoniphilus harei, Peptoniphilus indolicus, Peptoniphilus ivorii, Planococcus alkanoclasticus, Planomicrobium mcmeekinii, Planomicrobium okeanokoites, Prochlorococcus marinus, Propionispora vibrioides, Propionivibrio pelophilus, Prosthecochloris vibrioformis, Pseudomonas brenneri, Pseudomonas cedrina corrig., Pseudomonas cremoricolorata, Pseudomonas orientalis, Pseudomonas parafulva, Pseudomonas psychrophila, Pseudospirillum japonicum, Rhizobium indigoferae, Rhodobaca bogoriensis, Rhodoferax antarcticus, "Rickettsia felis", "Roseospirillum parvum", "Selenihalanaerobacter shriftii", Sinorhizobium kummerowiae, Sinorhizobium morelense, Sphingobium chlorophenolicum, Sphingobium herbicidovorans, Sphingobium yanoikuyae, Sphingomonas aquatilis, Sphingomonas cloacae, Sphingomonas koreensis, Sphingomonas taejonensis, Sphingopyxis macrogoltabida, Sphingopyxis terrae, Sporosarcina globispora, Sporosarcina pasteurii, Sporosarcina psychrophila, Streptococcus lutetiensis, Streptococcus pasteurianus, Sulfolobus tokodaii, Sulfurospirillum multivorans, Syntrophus aciditrophicus, Tenacibaculum maritimum, Tenacibaculum ovolyticum, Terasakiella pusilla, Thauera aminoaromatica, Thauera chlorobenzoica, Thauera phenylacetica, Thermococcus acidaminovorans, Thermococcus atlanticus, Thermococcus sibiricus, Thermococcus waiotapuensis, "Thermoproteus uzoniensis", "Thioflavicoccus mobilis", Treponema parvum, Trichlorobacter thiogenes, "Tropheryma whipplei", Virgisporangium aurantiacum corrig., Virgisporangium ochraceum corrig., Zobellia uliginosa, Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius subsp. rittmannii, Clostridium stercorarium subsp. leptospartum, Clostridium stercorarium subsp. thermolacticum, Desulfotomaculum thermobenzoicum subsp. thermosyntrophicum, Mycobacterium bovis subsp. caprae, Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2004; 54:293-301. "Status of strains that contravene Rules 27(3) and 30 of the Bacteriological Code. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 80, Supplementary Information

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2005; 55:521-524. "The present article explains the nomenclatural consequences of Opinion 80, together with a clear presentation of the taxonomy that results when applying the currently widely accepted interpretation that the genus Salmonella currently includes only two species" (cited from the abstract). Request for an opinion: See Opinion.

Opinion No. 80

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2005; 55:519-520. The Judicial Commission of the ICSP has decided that the type species of the genus Salmonella Lignieres 1900 (Approved Lists 1980) is Salmonella enterica (ex Kauffmann and Edwards 1952) Le Minor and Popoff 1987, and that the type strain of this species is strain LT2 (= ATCC 43971 = CIP 60.62 = NCIMB 11450 = NCTC 12416). In addition, the epithet enterica in Salmonella enterica is conserved over all earlier epithets, which may be applied to this species. Affected taxon names: Salmonella enterica, Salmonella typhi. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1999; 49:927-930. "Revised Salmonella nomenclature: designation of Salmonella enterica (ex Kauffmann and Edwards 1952) Le Minor and Popoff 1987 sp. nov., nom. rev. as the neotype species of the genus Salmonella Lignieres 1900 (approved lists 1980), rejection of the name Salmonella choleraesuis (Smith 1894) Weldin 1927 (approved lists 1980), and conservation of the name Salmonella typhi (Schroeter 1886) Warren and Scott 1930 (approved lists 1980). Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 79, Supplementary Information

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2014; 64:3599-3602. "The Judicial Commission ruled that names at the rank of class and order proposed by Cavalier-Smith (Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 52, 7–76, 2002) are to be placed on the List of Rejected Names (nomina rejicienda) and the use of names proposed in that publication above the rank of class is to be actively discouraged" (cited from the abstract). Affected taxon names: Acidobacteria, Alphabacteria, Anoxyphotobacteria, Arabobacteria, Archaeobacteria, Archaeoglobea, Arthrobacteria, Chlamydiae, Chlorobacteria, Chlorobea, Chromatibacteria, Chroobacteria, Crenarchaeota, Deltabacteria, Epsilobacteria, Ferrobacteria, Flavobacteria, Gloeobacteria, Hadobacteria, Halomebacteria, Hormogoneae, Hormogoneae, Methanothermea, Microtatobiotes, Mollicutes, Oxyphotobacteria, Photobacteria, Picrophilea, Planctomycea, Protoarchaea, Schizomycetes, Scotobacteria, Spirochaetes, Streptomycetes, Teichobacteria, "Thermoprotea", Togobacteria, Acidobacteriales, Actinoplanales, Caryophanales, Cenarchaeales, "Cenarchaeales", Chroococcales, Chroococcales, Geovibriales, Gloeobacterales, Nostocales, Nostocales, Oscillatoriales, Oscillatoriales, Picrophilales, Pleurocapsales, Pleurocapsales, Stigonematales, Streptomycetales. Request for an opinion: See Opinion.

Opinion No. 79

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2005; 55:517-518. The Judicial Commission of the ICSP has decided to correct the nomenclatural type of the 12 following orders: Acholeplasmatales Freundt et al. 1984, Halanaerobiales corrig. Rainey and Zhilina 1995, Halobacteriales Grant and Larsen 1989, Methanobacteriales Balch and Wolfe 1981, Methanococcales Balch and Wolfe 1981, Methanomicrobiales Balch and Wolfe 1981, Planctomycetales Schlesner and Stackebrandt 1987, Prochlorales (ex Lewin 1977) Florenzano et al. 1986, Sulfolobales Stetter 1989, Thermococcales Zillig 1988, Thermoproteales Zillig and Stetter 1982 and Verrucomicrobiales Ward-Rainey et al. 1996. Affected taxon names: Actinobacteria, Actinomycetes, Bacteria, Microtatobiotes, Photobacteria, Proteobacteria, Schizomycetes, Scotobacteria, Acholeplasmatales, Methanobacteriales, Methanococcales, Methanomicrobiales, Prochlorales, Sulfolobales, Thermoproteales, Verrucomicrobiales. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2001; 51:725-727. "Nomenclatural type of orders: corrections necessary according to Rules 15 and 21a of the Bacteriological Code (1990 Revision), and designation of appropriate nomenclatural types of classes and subclasses. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 78

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2005; 55:515. The Judicial Commission of the ICSP has decided to place the genus Pelczaria Poston 1994 with the species Pelczaria aurantia Poston 1994 on the list of nomina taxorum rejicienda (rejected names of bacterial taxa) due to the lack of an authentic type or neotype strain. Affected taxon names: Pelczaria, Kocuria rosea, Pelczaria aurantia. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2000; 50:1695-1696. "The status of the genus Pelczaria (Poston 1994) and the species Pelczaria aurantia (Poston 1994). Request for an Opinion."

Opinion No. 77

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2005; 55:513. The Judicial Commission of the ICSP decided that the type species of the genus Paenibacillus Ash et al. 1994 is Paenibacillus polymyxa (Prazmowski 1880) Ash et al. 1994. Affected taxon names: Paenibacillus. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2000; 50:939-940. "What is the type species of the genus Paenibacillus? Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 76

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2005; 55:511. The Judicial Commission of the ICSP decided that strain No. 43797 = NBRC (previously IFO) 3782 (= ATCC 700861 = JCM 11574), which was the originally designated type strain of Streptomyces rameus Shibata 1959 (Approved Lists 1980), has to replace ATCC 21273 (= DSM 41685 = NBRC 16196 = JCM 5064) as given in the Approved Lists. Affected taxon names: Streptomyces rameus. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1999; 49:931-932. "Replacement of ATCC 21273, the current type strain of Streptomyces rameus Shibata 1959, with IFO (now NBRC) 3782. Request for an Opinion."

Opinion No. 75, Supplementary Information

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2014; 64:3597-3598. "Methanothrix thermophila Kamagata et al. 1992 contravenes Rule 51b and is placed on the List of Rejected Names" (cited from the abstract). Affected taxon names: Methanothrix, Methanosaeta thermophila, Methanothrix thermophila. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2008; 58:1768-1771. "Challenging Opinion 75"

Opinion No. 75

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2008; 58:1753-1754. Boone and Kamagata 1998 requested a Judicial Opinion to reject the name Methanothrix soehngenii Huser et al. 1983 as a nomen confusum and to place this name on the list of rejected names. The Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes has decided to place the genus Methanothrix with the species Methanothrix soehngenii Huser et al. 1983 on the list of nomina rejicienda, based on the fact that it is not represented by an axenic culture and contravenes Rule 31a of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes. The species Methanothrix thermophila is transferred to the genus Methanosaeta as Methanosaeta thermophila (Kamagata et al. 1992) Boone and Kamagata 1998 comb. nov. Affected taxon names: Methanothrix thermophila. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1998; 48:1079-1080. "Rejection of the species Methanothrix soehngenii VP and the genus Methanothrix VP as nomina confusa, and transfer of Methanothrix thermophila VP to the genus Methanosaeta VP as Methanosaeta thermophila comb. nov. Request for an Opinion."

Opinion No. 74

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2003; 53:933. In a request for an Opinion, Grant et al. proposed strain NCIMB 13488 as neotype of Halorubrum trapanicum, arguing that strain NRC 34021, derived from Petter’s original isolate of Halorubrum trapanicum is no longer available. They state, however, that the proposed neotype is also derived from Petter’s original isolate. The Judicial Commission decided that Halorubrum trapanicum strain NCIMB 13488 will not be the neotype, but since it is derived from NRC 34021, which in turn is derived from Petter’s original isolate, it is "a strain on which the original description was based" (Rule 18c), and may therefore also serve as the type strain of the species. Affected taxon names: Halorubrum trapanicum. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1998; 48:1077-1078. "Proposal of strain NCIMB 13488 as neotype of Halorubrum trapanicum. Request for an Opinion."

Opinion No. 73

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2003; 53:931. The Judicial Commission decided that Paenibacillus durus has priority over Paenibacillus azotofixans, further that the type strain of Paenibacillus durus is VPI 6563 (= ATCC 27763 = DSM 1735), not P3L5 (= ATCC 35681). Paenibacillus azotofixans is a later synonym of Paenibacillus durus. The argument that the specific epithet azotofixans would be more informative than the specific epithet durus cannot be taken into consideration when the priority is clear. Affected taxon names: Paenibacillus azotofixans. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1998; 48:325-326. "Paenibacillus azotofixans (Seldin et al. 1984) Ash et al. 1995 does not have priority over Paenibacillus durum (Smith and Cato 1974) Collins et al. 1994: request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 72

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2003; 53:929. The Judicial Commission denied the Request for an Opinion by Dellaglio and Klein (1997), who had doubted the valid publication of Lactobacillus panis by Wiese et al. (1996), because the type strain DSM 6035 at the time of its publication was not available from any culture collection. The Judicial Commission decided that strain DSM 6035 is the type strain of Lactobacillus panis with the consequence, that the name Lactobacillus panis has been validly published. Affected taxon names: Lactobacillus panis. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1997; 47:910. "Rejection of Lactobacillus panis (Wiese et al. 1996). Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 71

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2003; 53:927. The Judicial Commission decided that the date of valid publication of the genus name Thermodesulfobacterium is 1995. This holds as well for the species name Thermodesulfobacterium commune with the type strain: YSRA-1 (ATCC 33708 = DSM 2178) and for the species name Thermodesulfobacterium thermophilum (originally described as Desulfovibrio thermophilus) with the type strain VKM V-1128. The type of the genus Thermodesulfobacterium is Thermodesulfobacterium commune. The Judicial Commission further decided that Thermodesulfobacterium mobile Rozanova and Pivovarova (1988) is an illegitimate later synonym of Thermodesulfobacterium thermophilum. Affected taxon names: Thermodesulfobacterium mobile. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1996; 46:622. "Irregularities in the validation of the genus Thermodesulfobacterium and its species. Request for an Opinion."

Opinion No. 70

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1999; 49:1949. The Judicial Commission decided that strain NCTC 4175, used as the neotype strain of Proteus vulgaris since 1963, be replaced by strain ATCC 29905. Affected taxon names: Proteus vulgaris. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1995; 45:870-871. "Replacement of NCTC 4175, the current type strain of Proteus vulgaris, with ATCC 29905. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 69

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1999; 49:339. The name Clostridium putrificum is rejected while Clostridium botulinum is conserved for toxigenic strains and Clostridium sporogenes is conserved for non-toxigenic strains. Affected taxon names: Clostridium botulinum, Clostridium putrificum, Clostridium sporogenes. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1995; 45:414. "Rejection of Clostridium putrificum and conservation of Clostridium botulinum and Clostridium sporogenes. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 68

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1996; 46:835. Pediococcus acidilactici is conserved with neotype strain B213c (= DSM 20284), which replaces NCDO 1859. Affected taxon names: Pediococcus acidilactici. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1993; 43:860-863. "Characterization of Pediococcus pentosaceus and Pediococcus acidilactici strains and replacement of the type strain of P. acidilactici with the proposed neotype DSM 20284. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 67

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1993; 43:392. The name Citrobacter diversus Werkman and Gillen 1932 is placed on the list of nomina rejicienda because it was incorrectly used by Ewing and Davis in 1972 as the name for a new species that cannot be considered identical to the organism described by Werkman and Gillen and thus is a nomen dubium. Affected taxon names: Citrobacter diversus corrig.. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1990; 40:107-108. "Correct names of the species Citrobacter koseri, Levinea malonatica, and Citrobacter diversus. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 66

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1993; 43:391. The type strain of Streptococcus mitis is NS 51 (NCTC 12261), replacing NCTC 3165. Affected taxon names: Streptococcus mitis. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1989; 39:498-499. "Replacement of the type strain of Streptococcus mitis. Request for an opinion under Rule 18g."

Opinion No. 65

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1992; 42:655. The type strain of Selenomonas sputigena is VPI D 19B-28 (ATCC 35185), replacing VPI 10068 (ATCC 33150). Affected taxon names: Selenomonas sputigena. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1985; 35:371-374. "Replacement of the type strain of Selenomonas sputigena under Rule 18g. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 64

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1992; 42:654. The type strain of Methanobacterium formicicum is strain MF (DSM 1535), replacing strain M.o.H. (DSM 863). Methanobacterium bryantii is reinstated with its type strain M.o.H. (DSM 863). Affected taxon names: Methanobacterium bryantii, Methanobacterium formicicum. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1987; 37:172-173. "Replacement of the type strain of Methanobacterium formicicum and reinstatement of Methanobacterium bryantii sp. nov. nom. rev. (ex Balch and Wolfe, 1981) with M.o.H. (DSM 863) as the type strain. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 63

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1986; 36:492. The type species Methanosarcina methanica is rejected and the genus Methanosarcina is conserved with Methanosarcinu barkeri as the type species. Affected taxon names: Methanosarcina barkeri, Methanosarcina methanica. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1984; 34:266-267. "Rejection of the type species of Methanosarcina methanica (Approved Lists, 1980), conservation of the genus Methanosarcina with Methanosarcina barkeri (Approved Lists, 1980) as the type species, and emendation of the genus Methanosarcina. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 62

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1986; 36:491. "Methanococcus mazei, the type species of the genus Methanococcus, is transferred to the genus Methanosarcina as Methanosarcina mazei, and the genus Methanococcus is conserved with a new type species, Methanococcus vannielii" (cited from the abstract). Affected taxon names: Methanococcus mazei, Methanococcus vannielii. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1984; 34:263-265. "Transfer of the type species of the genus Methanococcus to the genus Methanosarcina naming it Methanosarcina mazei (Barker 1936) comb. nov. et emend. and conservation of the genus Methanococcus (Approved Lists, 1980) with Methanococcus vannielii (Approved Lists, 1980) as the type species. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 61

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1986; 36:119. Strain ATCC 27377 is rejected as the type strain of Pasteuria ramosa but Pasteuria ramosa is conserved with the description of Metchnikoff 1888 serving as type. Affected taxon names: Pasteuria ramosa. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1983; 33:666-671. "Assignment of ATCC 27377 to Planctomyces staleyi sp. nov. and conservation of Pasteuria ramosa Metchnikoff 1888 on the basis of type descriptive material. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 60

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1985; 35:540. The name Yersinia pseudotuberculosis subsp. pestis (van Loghem) Bercovier et al. 1981 is rejected. Affected taxon names: Yersinia pseudotuberculosis subsp. pestis. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1984; 34:268-269. "Proposal to reject the new combination Yersinia pseudotuberculosis subsp. pestis for violation of the first principle of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 59

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1985; 35:539. NCIB 11664 is designated as the type strain of Acetobacter aceti subsp. xylinum in place of strain ATCC 23767. Affected taxon names: Acetobacter aceti subsp. xylinus corrig.. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1983; 33:122-124. "Rediscovery of Bertrand's sorbose bacterium (Acetobacter aceti subsp. xylinum): proposal to designate NCIB 11664 in place of NCIB 4112 (ATCC 23767) as the type strain of Acetobacter aceti subsp. xylinum. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 58

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1985; 35:538. The nomenclatural types cited in the Approved Lists are confirmed as the correct types. Pasteurella gallicida is rejected. Affected taxon names: Nocardia, Pasteurella, Pasteurella gallicida. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1982; 32:459-460. "Status of nomenclatural types in the Approved Lists of Bacterial Names 1980. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 57

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1983; 33:434. Eubacterium fimosum (Eggerth) Prévot 1938 is the type species of Eubacterium Prévot 1938. Affected taxon names: Eubacterium limosum. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1981; 31:209-210. "Designation of Eubacterium limosum (Eggerth) Prévot as the type species of Eubacterium. Request for an Opinion."

Opinion No. 56

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1982; 32:468. Peptococcus anaerobius (Hamm) Douglas 1957 is rejected. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1973; 23:283-289. "Placement of the name Peptococcus anaerobius (Hamm) Douglas on the list of Nomina rejicienda. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 55

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1982; 32:467. Mycobacterium aquae Jenkins et al. 1972 is rejected. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1974; 24:532-533. "Rejection of Mycobacterium aquae. Request for an Opinion."

Opinion No. 54

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1982; 32:466. Pseudomonas denitrificans (Christensen) Bergey et al. 1923 is rejected. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1974; 24:294-300. "Taxonomic validity of Pseudomonas denitrificans (Christensen) Bergey et al. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 53

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1978; 28:334. Mycobacterium marianum is rejected. Request for an opinion: Int J Syst Bacteriol 1975; 25:230-231. "Proposal to reject the specific epithet marianum in the name Mycobacterium marianum Penso 1953 and to conserve the specific epithet scrofulaceum in the name Mycobacterium scrofulaceum Prissick and Masson 1956. Request for an opinion."

Opinion No. 52

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1976; 26:292. Conservation of Pediococcus Claussen 1903 over earlier homotypic synonyms. Affected taxon names: Pediococcus.

Opinion No. 51

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1974; 24:552. Conservation of the epithet of Mycobacterium fortuitum da Costa Cruz 1938 over Mycobacterium ranae Bergey et al. 1923 and over epithets in names of their synonyms. Affected taxon names: Mycobacterium fortuitum.

Opinion No. 50

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1974; 24:551-552. Conservation of Lactobacillus fermentum Beijerinck 1901 over the epithets in all other objective synonyms. Affected taxon names: Lactobacillus fermentum.

Opinion No. 49

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1974; 24:551. Conservation of Rhodopseudomonas Czurda and Maresch 1937 emend. van Niel 1944 over all earlier homotypic synonyms. Affected taxon names: Rhodopseudomonas.

Opinion No. 48

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1973; 23:473-474. Rejection of Aerobacter liquefaciens Beijerinck 1900. Conservation of Aeromonas Stanier 1943. Affected taxon names: Aeromonas.

Opinion No. 47

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1973; 23:472. Conservation of the specific epithet in Mycobacterium avium. Affected taxon names: Mycobacterium avium.

Opinion No. 46

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1971; 21:110. Rejection of Aerobacter Beijerinck 1900.

Opinion No. 45

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1971; 21:109-110. Rejection of Leuconostoc citrovorum (Hammer 1920) Hucker and Pederson 1931.

Opinion No. 44

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1971; 21:109. Chloropseudomonas Czurda and Maresch 1937 is validly published.

Opinion No. 43

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1971; 21:108. The specific epithet in the name Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides van Niel 1944 is conserved against the specific epithet of the earlier heterotypic synonym Rhodococcus minor and against the specific epithets in the names of all earlier homotypic synonyms. Affected taxon names: Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides.

Opinion No. 42

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1971; 21:107. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 41

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1971; 21:106. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 40

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1971; 21:105-106. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 39

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1971; 21:104-105. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 38

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1971; 21:104. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 37

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1970; 20:17-18. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 36

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1970; 20:15-16. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 35

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1970; 20:13-14. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 34

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1970; 20:11-12. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 33

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1970; 20:10. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 32

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1970; 20:9. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 31

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1965; 15:185-186. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 30

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1963; 13:167. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 29

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1963; 13:123-124. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 28

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1963; 13:38. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 27

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1963; 13:37. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 26

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1963; 13:35-36. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 25

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1963; 13:33-35. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 24

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1958; 8:171-172. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 23

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1958; 8:169-170. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 22

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1958; 8:166-168. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 21

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1958; 8:163-165. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 20

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1958; 8:160-162. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 19

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1958; 8:158-159. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 18

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1963; 13:31-33. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 17

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1958; 8:153-154. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 16

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1958; 8:151-152. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 15

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1958; 8:73-74. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 14

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1954; 4:156-158. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 13

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1954; 4:151-156. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 12

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1954; 4:150-151. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 11

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1954; 4:148-150. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 10

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1954; 4:147-148. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 9

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1954; 4:146-147. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 8

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1954; 4:145-146. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 7

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1954; 4:144. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 6

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1954; 4:143. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 5

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1952; 2:121-122. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 4

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1954; 4:141-142. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 3

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1951; 1:36-37. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 2

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1951; 1:37-38. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.

Opinion No. 1

Int J Syst Bacteriol 1951; 1:35-36. See also Appendix 5 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (2008 revision), Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019; 69:S1-S111.